||Etymology / cultural
||OED: First occurrence
||Google Books: first
||Google Books: history
||Comes from Spanish, where it was used
by the vaqueros (cowboys) to mean "round up". Entered
English in the 1840s, because settlers had come to
California and had started interacting with the local
When the day of the rodeo is appointed, the men,
being all mounted
Increase since early 1800s
||1849. The rider was an Indian
... who had just made the rodeo, or round, in
order to collect the cattle
Only one occurrence in 1840s, and then none again until
1890s. Increase in the 1920s (why?) and then again (for
some reason) in the 1970s.
||There were boats that had drama, music,
etc on them before the Civil War, but they really
flourished in the period right after the Civil War.
||1869 show-boat (n); 1951 (v)
the first showboat to sail in 1830 from
Cincinnati to New Orleans
Sudden increase in 1930s; not sure why.
||1929. Of the progress of the
showboat, Cotton Palace, down the river
Stays pretty flat from the 1920s until the 2000s.
(False) increase in the 1950s mainly due to one novel.
Note: checked showboat, show-boat, show*boat*,and
||Slang in the 1890s, meaning lack of
enthusiasm for something. Really caught on among
college-age students in early 1900s.
||1897 (UK). to be drummed out of the
industrial camp to the accompanying cries of "Cold
feet!" "Cold feet!" the great army of the workers
will perform their duties
[get] cold feet
feet] Fairly flat since the mid-1800s
||1902. and you bein' a preacher,
Bill thought you might get cold feet.
(Maybe) he is not one of those who have cold
feet and torpid digestions. He can run and think all
feet] Possibly an increase from about 1900 to the
1920s/1930s, and then slight decrease since then.
Note: Examples from the 1800s refer to literal feet that
||Name comes from the shape of the
undershirt, since most before that time were sleeveless.
Covered with a sweatshirt (1925). Common to have
advertising on T-shifts by the 1930s-1940s.
I cannot part with that old T-shirt because though it
was so very dirty
shirt] Huge spike in 1950s (James Dean, etc?);
1920. one sweater or T
shirt, one jersey, one overcoat, winter, etc
Clear increase, pretty much every decade, from 1920s
until 2000s. Probably due to increased use of t-shirts
in the "real world". Shift from [t shirt] to [t-shirt]
over time as well.
||From (politely) "situation normal, all
fouled up", referring to the craziness of military life.
Lots of other -fu- words as well, like fubar
"fouled up beyond all recognition".
it looked like a fine case of snafu and
1928?? Journalism educators are by no
means alone in the snafu of letters and the
First in 1940s (WW II); and then increase since 1980s.
1942. Snafu, politely translated, means
"situation normal, all fouled up."
High point in the 1940s, then decrease by 1950s and
fairly flat since then. Maybe due to "obscene" meaning,
or decrease in military?
||The desire to confront racism in
the 1950s-60s lead to emphasis on other -isms by the
late 1960s, including these two. Some think that the
-ism craze has gone too far (political correctness) .
||1934 sexism (but earlier, with
Movement beyond racism to ageism and sexism —
Big increase 1970s-1990s; decrease since.
|1970. Now the results are in and
varsity sexism is on the way out
we'll have to make changes next ageism to prevent
a draft from SikLa
Increase from 1970s-1990s, possible decrease since then.
Flat from 1960s-1980s, increase since then (as baby
boomers reach this age?).
||The government held a conference on
workplace safety in 1994, and it focused more than
anything on violence in post offices. Also, there were a
number of cases of postal workers killing colleagues
about this time.
the kind who might one day go postal and shoot
postal] Low in 1990s; huge jump by 2000s.
Remember that guy in Toledo who went postal
after losing his job?
||[go] postal in [COHA],
High point in late 1990s, decrease since then, not sure