1. Circle the operators in the following sentences (there’s just one word per sentence).
2. What are the two sentences that would result from contraction of the following phrases?
3. Negate the following sentences (don’t use the word [not] -- use a contraction) (American vs British)
4. Select the function of the N1 noun (i.e. the first noun in the N1+N2 sequence)
5. Select the role of the question word in the following sentences (subject, object, adverbial)
6. (Relative pronouns) Assign the tags “informal”, “normal”, and “formal” to each of the following sentences
7. Find the words, phrases, or clauses in the following sentences that serve as premodifiers or postmodifiers, and write them in the appropriate box below. Don’t include any of the italicized words, and don’t include determiners (i.e. articles or demonstratives)
8. What is the function of the indicated noun phrases within the following relative clauses? Or is it a noun complement?
9. Reduced sentences (B) are missing two things that non-reduced sentences like A do have. What are they?
10. How many clauses are there in each of the following sentences?
11. Circle the dependent clause in the following sentences. There is just one dependent clause in each sentence.
12. What is the function of the indicated dependent clause in the following sentences?
13. What is the function of the [to] clause in each of the following sentences? (subject raising, verb complement, adjective complement, object raising, subject, extraposed subject, nominal postmodifier)
14. Are each of the following cases of:
15. In each of the following, is the [-ING] clause a noun, a subject (not a noun), part of a progressive construction, a relative clause (modifies noun), or a verb complement?
16. Are the following more common in spoken English, or in written academic English?