Indicate whether each of the two adverbials are stance, circumstantial, linking, or none of these three:

Mary had, however, just left for the movies

Select the correct type of circumstantial adverbial: process, contingency, degree, addition, recipient (p362-67)

          You can fix it by adjusting the antenna just a bit


Select between the three types of stance adverbials:
epistemic  attitude   style   His dad had to go out and earn extra money, I guess.


Match up the following word order structures: cleft, phrasal verb inversion, preface, verb inversion, operator inversion, fronting, noun tag

What we need is more money

If the following sentences involve fronting or clefting, then re-write the following sentences without the fronting or clefting.  Otherwise, leave it blank.

Great are the words of Isaiah

If there is inversion in the following sentences, indicate what caused it.  Otherwise, just leave it blank: preposed adverbial (clause), reporting clause, comparative clause, degree clause, conditional clause, question (p405-11)

          Can you somehow help me?


(CHAP 13) Match up the phenomenon (e.g. interjection, deixis) with the example from the a conversation (like Ex. 2-3 in the workbook)



Test 1


(3) What type of pronouns are the following: personal, reflexive, reciprocal, possessive, demonstrative, or indefinite

(3) What is the category of noun in the following sentences:

(7) Tree structures. Match the following sentences with the trees 1-7 on the overhead (note: there’s one tree for each sentence, and they represent the way the sentence “starts out”, before things are moved)

(4) What type of sentences are the following: intransitive, monotransitive, ditransitive, complex transitive, or copular

(4) What is the functions of the noun in the following sentences: subject, direct object, indirect object, object of preposition, subject predicative, or object predicative

Test 2


(4) Distinguish the following types of verbs: lexical, auxiliary, or (semi-)modal

(3) Choose the meaning of the modal in the follow sentences.

(3) Write the letter of the sentence that has the specified form and meaning of the verb tense. Each sentence in used just once.

(3) Classify the following verbs as phrasal, prepositional, or free combination

(3) Which semantic class do the following verbs belong to: activity, communication, mental, causative

Test 3


(4) Select the role of the question word in the following sentences:

(3) What is the function of the indicated noun phrases within the following relative clauses? Or is it a noun complement? (e.g. the man [ that you saw ] already left = OBJECT)

(4) How many clauses are there in each of the following sentences?
(E.g. the man that you saw is my brother = 2)

(4) What is the function of the indicated dependent clause in the following sentences? (Note: relative clauses and noun complements are Adj (adjectival) and they modify a noun. AdjComp are complements that modify an adjective. Extraposed count as subjects)

(5) What is the function of the [to] clause in each of the following sentences? Each type is used just once.