ELANG 325 [DAVIES]

“Fuzzy grammar”

± “normal”, not ± “correct”

 

 

1.

a. I gave it to him

I gave him it

b. I showed them to him

I showed him them

c. I introduced her to them

I introduced them her

 

2.

a. I sent a letter to Mary

I sent Mary a letter

b. I sent a letter to the post office

I sent the post office a letter

c. I sent a letter to Africa

I sent Africa a letter

 

3.

a. G.W. slept in that bed

That bed was slept in by G.W.

b. They sawed through the board really fast

That board was sawed through really fast

c. The troll walked over that bridge

That bridge was walked over by the troll

 

4.

a. It’s hard to read the book

The book is hard to read

b. It’s important to read the book

The book is important to read

c. It’s necessary to read the book

The book is necessary to read

 

5.

a. It’s I

It’s I that has to clean the bathroom

b. It’s me

It’s me that has to clean the bathroom

 

6.

a. She was being taught by Mr. Jones

b. She had been taught by Mr. Jones

c. She had been being taught by Mr. Jones

d. She would have been being taught by Mr. Jones (if she’d stayed at that school).

 

7.

a. [The man]’s coat was on the table

b. [The man from Chicago]’s coat was on the table

c. [The man from suburban Chicago]’s coat was on the table

d. [The man from Chicago that you met yesterday]’s coat was on the table

e. [The man from Chicago that you met yesterday in the park with Jill]’s coat was on the table

 

8.

a. There’s seven secrets to success that I’ll explain to you.

b. There are seven secrets to success that I’ll explain to you.

c. Oh, here’s two more

d. Oh, here are two more